Outside Looking In: Suspension as a form of segregation in San Diego County

by Frank Harris, III; J. Luke Wood; Tyrone C. Howard

May 1, 2018

This report looks at the disparity in exposure to exlusionary practices faced by young men of color, specifically young black males, in San Diego County.

  • Black males are over-represented among those who are suspended in San Diego County.
  • In early childhood education (kindergarten through third grade), Black males are 4.7 times more likely to be suspended than their peers based on the countywide average.
  • The Black male sub-group in San Diego County most likely to be suspended are those who are foster youth and are in middle school (7th and 8th grade), at a rate of 53.3%.
  • Over-all suspension rates are lower in Charter settings, but they are also more disparate for Black males.
  • The report suggests that San Diego County implements intensive, ongoing professional development for all educators on unconscious bias, racial microaggressions, culturally mediated behaviors, and teaching practices for boys and young men of color.