Disproportionate Impact Of K-12 School Suspension And Expulsion On Black Students In Southern States

by Edward J. Smith; Shaun R. Harper

Aug 25, 2015

This report aims to make transparent the rates at which school discipline practices and policies impact Black students in every K-12 public school district in 13 Southern states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
  • Nationally, 1.2 million Black students were suspended from K-12 public schools in a single academic year; 55 percent of those suspensions occurred in 13 Southern states.
  • Across the United States, 35 percent of all boys suspended and 34 percent of all boys expelled from K-12 public schools were Black. Blacks were 45 percent of girls suspended and 42 percent of girls expelled.
  • Mississippi had the highest percentage of Black boys who were suspended or expelled, 71.5 percent and 71.2 percent, respectively.
  • In 84 Southern school districts, 100 percent of students suspended were Black.