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This report looks at community violence that affects young African-American men and boys. It also provides goals that should be achieved and practices that contribute to community transformation as to make the cities safer for Black males. The report focuses on ways to implement a comprehensive, public health approach to violence and showcases some effective practices.
Building on Cities United 2016 report: Violence Trends, Patterns and Consequences for Black Males in America: A Call to Action, this report presents the results of an extensive scan of the research literature relating to violence prevention interventions. It identifies programs and practices that have proven effecting in reducing violence and violent deaths among African American males. It illustrates that evidence-based interventions exist that can be implemented in our families, schools, places of employment, hospitals and communities. These interventions can prevent violence rather than simply meting out punishment in its wake. In its conclusion, the report offers a summary of its findings and recommendations to help inform local violence prevention efforts across the nation.
Launched in 2011, Cities United is a national movement focused on eliminating the violence in American cities related to African American men and boys. The 86 mayors participating in Cities United intend to reduce violence by 50%, by the year 2020, in each of their cities. Moreover, they are committed to restoring hope to their communities and building pathways to justice, employment, education, and increased opportunities for residents.As a resource, Cities United helps mayors assess their current situations, increasing opportunities for awareness, action, advocacy, and accountability in communities across the country. The organization provides assistance with planning and implementing solutions by sharing best practices, instituting innovative approaches, and understanding how and where to recon figure resources.To that end, this publication highlights four effective violence reduction strategies employed by many Cities United member cities. These four strategies have proven effective at reducing Black male victimization.The four strategies – Ceasefire, Hospital-based Violence Intervention, Operation Peacemaker Fellowship, and Cure Violence – have similar principles and characteristics and are sometimes confused for one another across the country. While the confusion is sometimes problematic, it's largely due to the common best practices implemented by each strategy. Those best practices include:Identifying and focusing on individuals, groups, and neighborhoods at the highest risk of being involved in gun violence.Engaging those individuals in a trusting relationship with trained case managers/life coaches/outreach workers.Providing services, supports, and opportunities to the participants.Several Cities United partner cities are utilizing these strategies. Ceasefire is being successfully implemented in Oakland, CA; New Orleans, Louisville and Minneapolis are all instituting Hospital-based Violence Intervention programs; Cure Violence has been replicated in many CU partner cities, including Philadelphia; and the Richmond, CA Operation Peacemaker Fellowship model is being launched in several cities in beginning in 2017.The following brief is an overview of each of these four proven strategies with a list of resources at the conclusion for those cities seeking to gain more information.You can find other examples of what's working at www.citiesunited.org.
Summarizing and marshalling the latest scientific research, this report focuses on identifying the patterns, predictors, and interventions for reducing violence among Black males in the United States. The report provides trend data on violent offenses and victimization among young Black males and shows how the exposure to violence profoundly undermines their cognitive, educational, and mental wellbeing and increases the likelihood that they will commit acts of violence in the future.
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