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Reaching their Full Potential

August 1, 2020

In Spring 2020, the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Center for Urban Families hosted a two-part roundtable with ten youth-serving organizations that conduct outreach and provide services, including job training, parenting, life skills and mental health support to young fathers. Participating organizations hail from both urban and rural communities, and range from mature, high-scale and well-known to small-scale and small-budget. Most are led by men of color and some are led by women of color. This brief illustrates the creative and exciting approaches the practitioners developed to serve young fathers of color. It also highlights opportunities to strengthen and improve services to young men who are parenting. These are best practices identified by the organizations who are actively involved in this work on a daily basis—and where they see opportunities to improve on this essential work.

What Happens to a Dream Deferred?

September 1, 2017

This report looks at the "enormous survival challenges facing Black males of all ages in communities across Baltimore." The recommendations presented in this initial report are intended to establish a blueprint that can be used to focus city-wide collaborations and refine programmatic strategies to realistically address the alarming challenges faced by Black male youth.

Boys and Men of Color; Neighborhoods and Communities

The Intersection of the Criminal Justice, Education, and Mental Healthcare Systems and Its Influence on Boys and Young Men of Color

August 1, 2017

The authors provide a scan of the academic and gray literature on the intersection of the criminal justice, mental health, and education systems, and how it influences the lives of at-risk racial/ethnic minority youth (boys and young men of color). As well, the authors identify interventions that aim to improve outcomes for racial/ethnic minority at-risk youth at the intersection of these three structural systems.

Boys and Men of Color; Crime and Justice; Education; Health

A Study of Indigenous Boys and Men

August 1, 2017

The authors highlight community programs that promote the education and well-being of Native men and boys. The findings and recommendations capture the breadth and depth of educational experiences among Indigenous men and boys. In addition, the authors identify guiding principles that might not otherwise be included in archival data or as educational tactics, such as cultural practices (i.e., spirituality) in intervention(s), personal, and emotional influences, and other individualized details regarding educational access, persistence, and attainment.

Boys and Men of Color; Education

A Review of Economic Opportunity and Criminal Justice Programs for Boys and Men of Color

August 1, 2017

The authors review the evidence on programs and other interventions to address incarceration and lack of economic opportunity for boys and men of color. In addition, the authors review programs and interventions published in the scientific literature as well as reports, white papers, briefs, and other documents from the gray literature. They conclude with recommendations for action and for research.

Boys and Men of Color

The Status of Evaluation and Research on Effective Interventions Serving Boys and Men of Color

August 1, 2017

The authors draw upon Chandler's Life Course Framework for Improving the Lives of Boys and Men of Color to focus on health outcomes. They argue that investing in health and educational outcomes could yield improved health behaviors and access to healthcare, and post positive returns in cognitive and socioemotional skills for boys of color. The authors aim to identify opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration between educators and health care providers that can improve the overall life course for boys and men of color.

Boys and Men of Color; Health

Masculinities Matter: The Role of Masculinities in Depression, Suicide, and Substance Abuse Among African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Alaska Native/American Indian Boys and Men

August 1, 2017

The authors focus on African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American boys and men of color who face some of the most compelling health disparities and inequities in our nation. Given the significant amount of male mortality attributable to substance abuse, suicide, or depression, the authors address these three behavioral health outcomes. This focus is further supported by evidence documenting the notable amount of comorbidity between these behavioral health outcomes and other chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer) linked to the disproportionate health disadvantage shouldered by BMOC.

Boys and Men of Color; Health

Physical and Mental Health Interventions for Black Men in the United States

August 1, 2017

The authors review the physical and mental health interventions for black men in the United States, with an aim to inform the knowledge needed to develop culturally sensitive and gender-specific health interventions for those individuals. This field scan also provides an important basis for policy decisions regarding physical and mental health services, and in designing interventions that will be most effective for subgroups of black men.

Boys and Men of Color; Health

Beyond Plight: Defining Pathways to Optimal Development for Black Men and Boys Across the Life Course

January 1, 2017

Beyond Plight: Defining Pathways to Optimal Development for Black Men and Boys across the Life Course is ABFE's contribution for creating better lives for us, and, by extension, our world. It is a long title, which challenges us to look beyond quick solutions. The observations and recommendations within Beyond Plight were based upon input from funders and practitioners who have invested resources and brain power into better outcomes for Black men and boys – some for their entire professional careers. We connected with key thought leaders, whose names you find on page three. These are people who have been committed to this work for some time and even invoke their lived & shared experiences – this isn't theory. It also continues the work of practitioners who looked into the early childhood aspects of optimal development, through our previously released report, titled, "Exceeding Expectations: A Shared Vision for Impact and Definitions of Success for Black Men and Boys".

Identity; Philanthropy

Understanding The Environmental Contexts Of Boys And Young Men Of Color

February 14, 2015

This essay provides a framework for understanding how various settings influence lives of boys and young men of color. Failure to take these environments into account treats the problems experienced by this group as entirely of their own making and ignores the role that external forces play in contributing to poor outcomes. This essay provides a context for future research and analysis, in hopes that it will examine the lives and circumstances of boys and young men of color using more complex and nuanced perspectives.

Boys and Men of Color; Neighborhoods and Communities

Reducing Harms to Boys and Young Men of Color from Criminal Justice System Involvement

February 4, 2015

This paper reviews systemic, institutional, and community policies and practices that greatly impact the life chances of boys and young men of color. Policy and practice changes that would reduce criminal justice engagement and that would reduce the harms caused to communities of color from criminal justice engagement are identified and suggestions are made for developing more evidence of effectiveness for initiatives in this area.

Boys and Men of Color; Crime and Justice; Discrimination

Expanding Economic Opportunity for Young Men and Boys of Color through Employment and Training

February 1, 2015

Young men of color have long experienced lower earnings and higher unemployment compared to young white men. Many factors have contributed to these negative outcomes: persistent discrimination, hiring practices of employers, geographic and social isolation, substandard secondary education, lack of career and postsecondary educational guidance, inadequate career and technical education, and higher incarceration rates. This paper focuses on promising strategies for improving the labor market outcomes of low-income young men of color. It outlines an employment-focused approach to improving economic opportunities and outcomes for these young men, highlighting potential policy, system and institutional reforms as well as program investments.

Boys and Men of Color; Education; Employment

Changing Course: Improving Outcomes for African-American Males Involved With Child Welfare Systems

March 1, 2014

This paper draws attention to African-American boys and young men who are involved with the nation's child welfare systems and identifies policies and practices that can help to improve their experiences and outcomes.

Neighborhoods and Communities

Racial Gaps in Early Childhood: Socio-Emotional Health, Developmental, and Educational Outcomes Among African-American Boys

April 30, 2011

Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, this study examines racial gaps in cognitive and socio-emotional development of boys in early childhood and identifies factors that contribute to early resilience among African-American boys.

Education; Employment; Health

Responsible Government: Investing in the Well-Being of Black Fathers, Families and Communities

October 1, 2009

Beginning with a summary of the history of public policy contributions to poverty and racial inequity in America, the report describes how this context impacts black fathers, and how their circumstances and choices in turn affect black children. It concludes with an overview of the Julia Carson Responsible Fatherhood and Healthy Families Act of 2009 (which subsequently died and was re-introduced in 2011 and 2013).

Civic Engagement and Advocacy; Fatherhood; Neighborhoods and Communities; Poverty

Breaking Barriers: Plotting the Path to Academic Success for School-Age African-American Males

January 1, 2008

Using four national surveys, this study explores relationships between the academic success of African-American males and a host of variables -- personal and emotional factors, family factors, social and environmental factors, and school factors. Overall, the research points to the benefits of education policies that promote "healthy, safe and supportive learning environments."

Education; Fatherhood; Identity; Poverty

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