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This report uses data from various sources to examine the impact of social and economic factors on health outcomes for black men and boys living in Philadelphia.
This Report Card uses national and state-level data to compare indicators disaggregated by race/ethnicity (R/E), gender, and age. Several public data sources were utilized including the CT Department of Public Health mortality data, US census data, and CDC data. Within each indicator, we report the health disparity rate (HD) defined in this report as how many more times individuals in a R/E group experience a more harmful outcome than those in the R/E reference group. The key findings are divided into nine sections: Demographics; Income, Education, Employment and Transportation; Housing; Safety and Incarceration; Fatherhood; Health Insurance, Preventative Health Screenings and Cancer Disparities; Behavioral Health; Life Expectancy; Mortality.
Racial/ethnic and sexual minority males are two of the most persistently unhealthy groups in the United States. In fact, health disadvantages are even more pronounced among groups of boys and men who have not fully enjoyed the socioeconomic power and privilege typically conferred to males in this country. These are boys and men at the intersections of social identities, communities, or groups that have historically been oppressed, marginalized, and stigmatized. Moreover, they are boys and men with lived experiences, occupations, or material circumstances that disconnect them from day-to-day society. Often, these males have some of the most negative health-related outcomes, including shorter lifespans, more threats to their safety and well-being, and less access to health care and social supports.
The authors provide a scan of the academic and gray literature on the intersection of the criminal justice, mental health, and education systems, and how it influences the lives of at-risk racial/ethnic minority youth (boys and young men of color). As well, the authors identify interventions that aim to improve outcomes for racial/ethnic minority at-risk youth at the intersection of these three structural systems.
The authors focus on African American, Hispanic/Latino, and Native American boys and men of color who face some of the most compelling health disparities and inequities in our nation. Given the significant amount of male mortality attributable to substance abuse, suicide, or depression, the authors address these three behavioral health outcomes. This focus is further supported by evidence documenting the notable amount of comorbidity between these behavioral health outcomes and other chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer) linked to the disproportionate health disadvantage shouldered by BMOC.
The authors review the physical and mental health interventions for black men in the United States, with an aim to inform the knowledge needed to develop culturally sensitive and gender-specific health interventions for those individuals. This field scan also provides an important basis for policy decisions regarding physical and mental health services, and in designing interventions that will be most effective for subgroups of black men.
The authors draw upon Chandler's Life Course Framework for Improving the Lives of Boys and Men of Color to focus on health outcomes. They argue that investing in health and educational outcomes could yield improved health behaviors and access to healthcare, and post positive returns in cognitive and socioemotional skills for boys of color. The authors aim to identify opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration between educators and health care providers that can improve the overall life course for boys and men of color.
Building on Cities United 2016 report: Violence Trends, Patterns and Consequences for Black Males in America: A Call to Action, this report presents the results of an extensive scan of the research literature relating to violence prevention interventions. It identifies programs and practices that have proven effecting in reducing violence and violent deaths among African American males. It illustrates that evidence-based interventions exist that can be implemented in our families, schools, places of employment, hospitals and communities. These interventions can prevent violence rather than simply meting out punishment in its wake. In its conclusion, the report offers a summary of its findings and recommendations to help inform local violence prevention efforts across the nation.
A growing body of research reveals that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people experience a disproportionate amount of mental health challenges when compared with those who are heterosexual and cisgender. LGBTQ people, in general, have a higher prevalence of suicidal thoughts, attempts, and completions (Hatzenbuehler, 2011); depression and anxiety (Cochran, Sullivan, & Mays, 2003), and substance use and abuse (Marshal et al., 2008). LGBTQ people are more likely than heterosexual or cisgender people to have histories of childhood sexual abuse (Balsam, Lehavot, Beadnell, & Circo, 2010) and are more likely to be homeless (Rosario, Schrimshaw, & Hunter, 2012).This is true of young LGBTQ people as well. Studies find that young adults under 24 years of age who identify as LGBTQ, have a higher likelihood of depression and suicide than heterosexual youth (Marshal et al., 2013), are more likely to engage in self-harming behaviors (Jiang et al., 2010), and have increased rates of being a victim of bullying (Berlan, Corliss, Field, Goodman, & Austin, 2010) than their heterosexual counterparts.
Building on past and current work at the state and local level, SAMHSA's Center for the Application of Prevention Technologies has developed this tool to support prevention practitioners in identifying those factors that protect against substance abuse and misuse among boys and young men of color, as well as mitigate adverse experiences that affect this group, such as racial and ethnic discrimination. By understanding these factors, practitioners will be better positioned to assess, plan for, and select interventions designed to address them.
This report provides detailed findings about what boys and young men of color need in order to help them overcome the challenges and obstacles they face in their day-to-day lives. The report highlights the voices of young men in Oakland, New York City, Baltimore, Atlanta, New Orleans and Detroit as they opened up and shared what is on their minds and in their hearts. Among other things, the report focuses on four main areas: Values; Success and Optimal Health; Competition/Winning/Skills and Creative Talents; and Existing Resources for African-American Males.
This report, commissioned by the New York City Young Men's Initiative and developed by the Center for Innovation through Data Intelligence, provides a snapshot of where New York City's young people of color stand in relation to their peers in the areas of education, economic security and mobility, health and wellbeing, and community and personal safety. The analysis, which disaggregates data by race and gender, found that while there have been decreases in several disparities for young men and women of color, disparities persist.
This report describes the My Brother's Keeper Initiative. The report summarizes ideas gleaned from developmental science that may be useful in efforts to reach five of the six initiative's goals: school readiness; third-grade literacy; high school and college graduation; and reduction of violence. The authors discuss features of the initiative designed to promote more positive outcomes and highlight the contributions that developmental science may make to each. Policy recommendations are provided and a discussion about how developmental science may contribute to national dialogue and policy formation.
This practice-support tool provides summaries of interventions that help young people develop abilities and attitudes necessary to succeed and thrive.
This practice-support tool provides a quick overview of national, state, and local data sources and tools that provide substance-related indicator data for this population.
As a follow-up to the 2014 recommendations report, the Philadelphia Mayor's Commission on African-American Males (MCAAM) submitted this annual report to highlight the group's actions thus far and to make further recommendations. The report also presents a data snapshot of Black males in Philadelphia in the areas of education, health, safety, family, and employment.
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